CHANDIGARH THE CITY BEAUTIFUL
Chandigarh is one of the beautifully and best-planned city in India. The architecture of Chandigarh is world-renowned, and a quality of life, which is unparalleled. It is capital of two states i.e. Punjab and Haryana, and the Union Territory of Chandigarh. The face of modern India, Chandigarh, is the manifestation of a dream that Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru envisaged and Le Corbusier executed.
Chandigarh is one of the rare example of modernization co-existing with nature’s preservation. It is here that the trees and plants are as much a part of the construction plans as the buildings and the roads. Indias first planned city, better known as CHANDIGARH THE CITY BEAUTIFUL.
Chandigarh is one of the most significant urban planning experiments of the 20th century. It is the only one of the numerous urban planning schemes of Le Corbusier, the famous French architect-planner, to have actually been executed. The roads consists of roundabouts are perpendicularly constructed, a concept followed by Indus Civilization. Le Corbusier summed up his work on the city in an “edict”, reproduced here in full:
This city is composed of sectors. Each sector is 800 meters by 1,200 meters, enclosed by roads allocated to fast mechanized transport and sealed to direct access from the houses.
Each sector has a green strip oriented longitudinally stretching centrally along the sector in the direction of the mountains. The green strip should stay uninterrupted and accommodate schools, sports fields, walks and recreational facilities for the sector. Vehicular traffic is completely forbidden in the green strips, where tranquility shall reign and the curse of noise shall not penetrate.
Certain areas of Chandigarh are of special architectural interest. Where harmonized and unified construction of buildings is aimed at, absolute architectural and zoning control should remain operative.
Along V-2 central, dual carriageways Madhya Marg and Uttar Marg, where skyline, heights, character and architecture of buildings as planned shall not be altered.
No building shall be constructed north of the Capitol Complex
Along V-2 beyond dual carriageway areas are reserved for cultural institutions only and shall never have any residential buildings
The City Centre plaza in Sector 17 was designed by Le Corbusier as “Pedestrian’s Paradise”. No vehicular traffic is permitted in the plaza.
The Union Territory of Chandigarh is located in the foothills of the Shivalik hill ranges in the north, which form a part of the fragile Himalayan ecosystem. It is occupied by Kandi (Bhabhar) in the north east and Sirowal (Tarai) and alluvial plains in the remaining part. The subsurface formation comprises of beds of boulders, pebbles, gravel, sand, silt, clays and some kankar. The area is drained by two seasonal rivulets viz. Sukhna Choe in the east and Patiala-Ki-Rao Choe in the west. The central part forms a surface water divide and has two minor streams. The stream passing through the central part is called N-Choe and the other is Choe Nala which initiates at Sector 29.
The basic geographical and demographic profile of Chandigarh is as under:
Area114 sq kms
Longitude760 47′ 14E
Latitude300 44′ 14N
Altitude304-365 meters above MSL with 1% drainage gradient
Annual Rainfall (average)1110.7 mm
TemperatureWinter Min. (Nov.-Jan, 2006) 10 C-160 C
Summer Max. (April-July, 2004) 270C-440C
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